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Thread: Abstract type in java

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    Junior Member vanshika's Avatar
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    Default Abstract type in java

    We have abstract classes as well as abstract method in java but why we do not have abstract variable in java??
    vanshika..


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    Super Moderator Norm's Avatar
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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    Can you give an example of why it would be useful?
    If you don't understand my answer, don't ignore it, ask a question.

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    Junior Member vanshika's Avatar
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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    The reason is same as abstract class and abstract method is useful.
    vanshika..

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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    Why is an abstract class or method useful? I've been trying to understand this for days!

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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    Interfaces are very similar to abstract classes, so I'll try to describe on an interface example.
    Consider List.
    Now consider ArrayList and LinkedList, they're implementations.
    It turns out, that this implementations have different performance and each is efficient in different situations. So it might be crucial for you to select the right one for your project.
    Now suppose, you're writing a project, who deals with lists extensively. And you have lots of methods, who take, say ArrayList as a parameter. Then suddenly you realize, that ArrayList is completely not what you want, that LinkedList would be right solution. What happens next is tedious process of changing signatures of lots of methods, changing their arguments from "ArrayList" to "LinkedList".
    Now imagine, that in the same project all the methods take List as arguments. What happens if you want to change implementation of a collection from ArrayList to LinkedList? Well, you might need to change a declaration of it from "new ArrayList<Foo>()" to "new LinkedList<Foo>()". But you don't have to change signatures of methods: methods don't care about implementation, they care about interface.
    So, as you see, the flexibility increases greatly.

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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    abstract variable? funny name. You need to understand the definition of abstract class(similiar to virtual class in C++). The abstract class is for later implementation use in its inheritance classes. And it is could not initialzed at all. Simplely because it is not a 'complete' class. The usefulness for this kind of class is on its inheritance classes which could implement its abstract methods in its own purpose. that is the beauty of abstract class.

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    Default Re: Abstract type in java

    I understand what you are saying. I'm just trying to figure out why I would use abstract classes in developing an application program. Can you give me a business example?

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