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Thread: Passing 2D array to method

  1. #1
    Junior Member
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    Oct 2012
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    Default Passing 2D array to method

    Here's a friend's code. I included the entire thing in case you'd like to dump it into an IDE or whatever. Anyway, Eclipse is complaining about the following line:

    System.out.println(student[t] + "\t\t" +highGrade(grades) + "\t\t" +lowGrade(grades)
    + "\t\t" +(averageGrade(grades)));

    It says that 'grades' cannot be resolved to a variable. The intent of the code at this point is to pass the inner array of grades[][] to some methods, returning doubles to print. What is the proper syntax for this? (Note: I haven't checked out the methods yet, so there may also be errors there. But for now I'm just wondering about this syntax.)


    import java.util.*;
    public class Midterm {
    	public static void main(String[] args) {
    		Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in);
    		System.out.println("Please enter the number of students: ");
    		int numofStudents = input.nextInt();
    		String student[] = new String[numofStudents];
    		for (int i = 0; i < numofStudents; i++)	{
    			// collect student name
    			System.out.println("Enter the " +  numName(i+1) + " student's name: ");
    			student[i] = input.next();	
    			// collect grades
    			double grades[][] = new double[student.length][];
    			grades[i] = collectGrades();
    		}	//end for
    	// print information
    		System.out.println("Student Name\tHigh Score\tLow Score\tAverage\tGrade");
    	    for(int t = 0; t < numofStudents; t++) {
    			System.out.println(student[t] + "\t\t" +highGrade(grades) + "\t\t" +lowGrade(grades)  
    					+ "\t\t" +(averageGrade(grades)));
    	    }	//end for
    }	//end main
    	public static double[] collectGrades()	{
    		Scanner input = new Scanner(System.in);
    		System.out.println("Please enter the number of grades you will be entering for this student:");
    		int numOfGrades = input.nextInt();
    		double gradeArrayOut[] = new double[numOfGrades];
    		for (int i = 0; i < gradeArrayOut.length; i++)	{
    			System.out.println("Please enter the " + numName(i + 1) + " grade:");
    			gradeArrayOut[i] = input.nextDouble();
    		}	//end for
    		return gradeArrayOut;
    	}	//end collectGrades
    	public static double highGrade (double arrayIn[]) {
    		return arrayIn[arrayIn.length -1];
    	} // end highGrade
    	public static double lowGrade (double arrayIn[]) {
    		return arrayIn[0];
    	} // end highGrade
    	public static double averageGrade(double arrayIn[]) {
    		double avgGrade = 0.0;
    		for(int i = 0;i < arrayIn.length;i++) {
    			avgGrade += arrayIn[i];
    		} // end for
    		return avgGrade/arrayIn.length;
    	} // end averageGrade
    	public static String numName(int intIn) {
    		String numName = "";
    		switch(intIn) {
    		case 1:
    			numName = "first";
    		case 2: 
    			numName = "second";
    		case 3:
    			numName = "third";
    		case 4: 
    			numName = "fourth";
    		case 5:
    			numName = "fifth";
    		case 6: 
    			numName = "sixth";
    		case 7:
    			numName = "seventh";
    		case 8: 
    			numName = "eight";
    		case 9:
    			numName = "ninth";
    		case 10: 
    			numName = "tenth";
    			numName = intIn + (intIn<20?"th" : (intIn%10==1?"st":
    			(intIn%10==2?"nd": (intIn%10==3?"rd":"rh"))));
    		} //end Switch
    		return numName;
    }	//end class
    Last edited by drgroove777; October 24th, 2012 at 12:15 AM.

  2. #2
    Super Moderator jps's Avatar
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    Default Re: Passing 2D array to method

    highGrade() lowGrade()
    Both methods have a parameter of type double[], and the word grades does not refer to a variable of type double[].

    Please see the announcements page for instructions on the use of code tags.

  3. The Following User Says Thank You to jps For This Useful Post:

    drgroove777 (October 24th, 2012)

  4. #3
    Junior Member
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    Oct 2012
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    Default Re: Passing 2D array to method

    To me you seem to be at pre beginner level. The grades is not visible in the second loop because it was declared the first for loop and is visible only inside the first for loop. It wont work unless:
    1. You move the System.out.println(...) statement from the second loop to the first loop.
    2. OR you declare grades outside the first for loop.

    Beside, you should be invoking method lowGrade as lowGrade(grades[t]) and not as lowGrade(grade). Similar for other two methods - highGrade and averageGrade.

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