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Thread: Question about substrings

  1. #1
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    Default Question about substrings

    Hello, this is my first post on this forum. Hopefully, it won't get anyone mad or upset.

    My question is a logic question. Say, for example, I have this code here:

    String str = "Bill Gates"
    String a = str.substring(0,str.length())

    The output would of course be: "Bill Gate"

    My assignment is (Taken from Codingbat. Personal Hoppy, not an actual assignment!):
    Given a string, return a new string made of 3 copies of the last 2 chars of the original string. The string length will be at least 2.
    Ex: extraEnd("Hello") → "lololo"
    extraEnd("ab") → "ababab"
    extraEnd("Hi") → "HiHiHi"

    My answer would be:
    public String extraEnd(String str) 
    {
      String new2 = str.substring (str.length()-2, str.length()+1);
      return new2 + new2 +new2;
    }

    But, it is wrong. I know the answer is "String new2 = str.substring (str.length()-2, str.length());" But I do not understand why. Shouldn't it be str.length()+1? based on the logic from the Bill Gates code? When using a substring, wouldn't it be the last number and subtract that number by 1? To make more sense of what I am trying to say: When I use str.length() wouldn't that be the second to last letter and not the last letter? Thanks for the help!


  2. #2
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    Default Re: Question about substrings

    Eclipse gives a nice little explanation of what the substring method actually does:
    Returns a new string that is a substring of this string. The substring begins at the specified beginIndex and extends to the character at index endIndex - 1. Thus the length of the substring is endIndex-beginIndex.
    Next, it would not output "Bill Gate" it would output the entire string "Bill Gates". The index values for string length are zero based which means that the first character is at index 0 as opposed to 1. Knowing that along with the length of "Bill Gates", being 10, would mean the str.substring(0,str.length()) would return the characters at indices 0-9 (note the bold text in the quote); in other words the entire string. Your logic was not wrong if indeed the Bill Gates code was correct, just a little hiccup is all. Hopefully that helped.

  3. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to KucerakJM For This Useful Post:

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    Default Re: Question about substrings

    AH, What was I thinking?! Thanks for the help!

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