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Thread: Need help with Gregorian calendar

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    Default Need help with Gregorian calendar

    Here is my assignment.

    The Gregorian calendar was introduced in 1582. Every year divisible by four was
    declared to be a leap year, with the exception of the years ending in 00 and not divisible
    by 400. So 1200, 1600, and 2000 are leap years while 1300, 1400, 1800, and 1900 are
    not. Write a program that requests a year as input and states whether it is a leap year.


    /**
     * 
     * Author : Gregory B Shavers Jr
     * CSC 225 - Online 
     * problem 6
     */
     
    import java.util.*;
     
     
    public class problem6
    {
        public static void main( String [] args)
        {
     
        double year, leapYear, leapYear2;
     
        Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);
     
        System.out.print(" What is the year? ");//ask for year
        year = scan.nextDouble();
     
        leapYear = year%400;//calualates leap year   
        leapYear2 = year%4;  //calualates leap year  
     
        if ( leapYear == 0  )
        {
         System.out.println( " This is a leap year. " ); //display leap year      
        }
     
        else if ( leapYear2 == 0 )
     
        {
        System.out.println ( " This is a leap year."  ); // display not leap year
        }    
     
        else
        {
        System.out.println( " This is not a leap year.");
        }
     
        }
     
    }

    I need help writing a condition statement to finish this assignment. My condition statement should not allow a number to be a leap year if its not equal to 00 and not divisible by 400. Is there any ideas?

    Thanks Again!

    --- Update ---

    I'm sorry ending with 00.


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    Default Re: Need help with Gregorian calendar

    FG

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    Default Re: Need help with Gregorian calendar

    Thanks for the response. I completely slacked on this homework assignment!!smh lol I have an A. But it just bothers me that I won't be able to keep the A lol Thanks Again!

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    Default Re: Need help with Gregorian calendar

    Quote Originally Posted by Rain_Maker View Post
    ...Write a program that requests a year as input and states whether it is a leap year...
    You could just follow your logic to the bitter end.

    Starting with what you wrote, pseudo-code for the algorithm could look something like the following:

    IF (year IS DIVISIBLE BY 400) THEN
     
        It is a leap year. // Divisible by 400 is all you need to know!
     
    ELSE IF (year IS DIVISIBLE BY 4) THEN
     
        IF (year IS DIVISIBLE BY 100)) THEN
            It is not a leap year. // Not divisible by 400. Divisible by 100.
        ELSE
            It is a leap year.     // Divisible by 4. Not divisible by 100
        END IF
     
    ELSE
     
        It is not a leap year.     // Not divisible by 4.
     
    END IF

    Of course there are other sequences of tests that also give the correct answer. (For example: Test for divisibility by 400, then by 100, then by 4, stopping wherever appropriate.)

    More experienced programmers are always tempted to compress things to one or two compound conditionals instead of using nested conditionals. Sometimes that makes things more clear, but sometimes cleverness and "elegant" terseness makes it more difficult to understand. You should lay out the logic steps in a way that is "obviously correct" from your own point of view.


    Notes:

    Why the heck do you use a double precision floating point variable for something that is, by its very nature, an integer? In Java you might get the correct output with floating point variables, but, in my opinion, it's just wrong-headed. There are situations where it is appropriate to use floating point. arithmetic This is simply not one of those.

    Why the heck do you use numerical variables for the result of tests of divisibility? I mean, you might be able to get the correct answer, but it's just an indication of muddy thinking (perhaps influenced by previous experience with C or some other language that doesn't have boolean data types, or the effect of getting help from someone like that).

    As far as that goes, why even have variables for the results of divisibility tests at all? Wherever possible I think that statements should be self explanatory and not make a program maintainer (or person trying to debug the program) have to refer back to some previous assignment statement to see what condition is being tested:

        if ((year % 400) == 0) {
            // Whatever...
        }
        else if ((year % 4) == 0) {
            // Whatever
        }

    Bottom line: Get into the habit of doing whatever you think you can do to make it "correct at a glance." You will thank me later.


    Cheers!

    Z

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    Default Re: Need help with Gregorian calendar

    C

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