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Thread: Tic-Tac-Toe program

  1. #1
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    Default Tic-Tac-Toe program *editted*

    I've been working on this but still haven't gotten much progress. I haven't done much changes compared to what it was before this. Basically I just put the if/else control statements into subroutines to help the main routine look a bit cleaner but I still haven't found a way to shorten the code up (although that can wait until I actually get the program to actually work). I still haven't found a way to enact the winner/loser subroutines, I was thinking about putting them into an if/else and break the program if one of them become true.

    Something like this:
    if (nummoves == 9)
        {
             System.out.println("Cat's game!");
             break;
         }
    else if (winner(a) = true)
        {
            System.out.println("Congratulations! ......");
            break;
         }
    else if // Same thing with the loser(a) statement

    Anyways, I also still haven't figured out a way to program the loop to loop again if the space is taken.

    Updated Code:
    import java.io.*;
     
    public class HW7
    {
     
    	public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    	{
     
    	BufferedReader keybd = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));	
     
    import java.io.*;
     
    public class Test 
    {
     
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
    	BufferedReader keybd = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
     
    	int[] a = new int[9];
     
    	int nummoves = 0;
     
    	while(true)
    	{
    		for (int i = 0; i <= 8; i++)
    		{	
     
    	System.out.println("Your Turn");		
    	System.out.println("Enter: ");
    	int x = Integer.parseInt(keybd.readLine());
     
    	SpaceTaken(a,x);
    	User(a,x);
    	drawBoard(a);
     
    	System.out.println();
    	System.out.println("Computer's Turn:");
     
    	AI(a,x);
    	drawBoard(a);
    	System.out.println();
    	}
    	break;
    	}
    }
     
    public static void drawBoard(int[] a)
    {
     
       String[] s = new String[9];   // since moves were tracked with int array a
       for (int i=0; i<=8; i++)      // instead of String array a, we must now
       {                             // create extra array with X's and O's
          if (a[i]==0)               // instead of 1's and 2's, for nicer output.
             s[i]=" ";               // (Instead, you could have tracked moves
          else if (a[i]==1)          // with String array a, instead of int array a.
             s[i]="X";               // But, that would make the XWins and OWins
          else                       // routines much more complex.)
             s[i]="O";
       }
     
       System.out.println(" "+s[0]+" | "+s[1]+" | "+s[2]);
       System.out.println("---+---+---");
       System.out.println(" "+s[3]+" | "+s[4]+" | "+s[5]);
       System.out.println("---+---+---");
       System.out.println(" "+s[6]+" | "+s[7]+" | "+s[8]);
     
    }
     
    public static void User(int[] a, int x)
    {
     
    	if (x == 0 && a[0] == 0)
    		{
    			a[0] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 1 && a[1] == 0)
    		{
    			a[1] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 2 && a[2] == 0)
    		{
    			a[2] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 3 && a[3] == 0)
    		{
    			a[3] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 4 && a[4] == 0)
    		{
    			a[4] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 5 && a[5] == 0)
    		{
    			a[5] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 6 && a[6] == 0)
    		{
    			a[6] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 7 && a[7] == 0)
    		{
    			a[7] = 1;
    		}
    	else if (x == 8 && a[8] == 0)
    		{	
    			a[8] = 1;
    		}	
    }
     
    public static void AI(int[] a, int x)
    {
    	int r = (int) (Math.random() * 9);
     
    	if (r == 0 && a[0] == 0)
    		{
    			a[0] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 1 && a[1] == 0)
    		{
    			a[1] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 2 && a[2] == 0)
    		{
    			a[2] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 3 && a[3] == 0)
    		{
    			a[3] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 4 && a[4] == 0)
    		{
    			a[4] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 5 && a[5] == 0)
    		{
    			a[5] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 6 && a[6] == 0)
    		{
    			a[6] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 7 && a[7] == 0)
    		{
    			a[7] = 2;
    		}
    	else if (r == 8 && a[8] == 0)
    		{	
    			a[8] = 2;
    		}
    }
     
    public static boolean Winner(int[] a)
    {
    	if (a[0] == 1 && a[1] == 1 && a[2] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[3] == 1 && a[4] == 1 && a[5] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;			
    		}
    	else if (a[6] == 1 && a[7] == 1 && a[8] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;		
    		}
    	else if (a[0] == 1 && a[3] == 1 && a[6] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;			
    		}
    	else if (a[1] == 1 && a[4] == 1 && a[7] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;			
    		}
    	else if (a[2] == 1 && a[5] == 1 && a[8] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;			
    		}
    	else if (a[0] == 1 && a[4] == 1 && a[8] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[2] == 1 && a[4] == 1 && a[6] == 1)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else
    	{
    	return false;
    	}
    }
     
    public static boolean Loser(int[] a)
    {
    	if (a[0] == 2 && a[1] == 2 && a[2] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[3] == 2 && a[4] == 2 && a[5] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[6] == 2 && a[7] == 2 && a[8] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[0] == 2 && a[3] == 2 && a[6] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[1] == 2 && a[4] == 2 && a[7] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[2] == 2 && a[5] == 2 && a[8] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[0] == 2 && a[4] == 2 && a[8] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else if (a[2] == 2 && a[4] == 2 && a[6] == 2)
    		{
    		return true;
    		}
    	else
    	{
    	return false;
    	}
    }
     
    public static void SpaceTaken(int[] a, int x)
    {
    	if (x == 0 && (a[0] == 1 || a[0] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
     
    	else if (x == 1 && (a[1] == 1 || a[1] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
     
    	else if (x == 2 && (a[2] == 1 || a[2] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
     
    	else if (x == 3 && (a[3] == 1 || a[3] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    	else if (x == 4 && (a[4] == 1 || a[4] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    	else if (x == 5 && (a[5] == 1 || a[5] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    	else if (x == 6 && (a[6] == 1 || a[6] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    	else if (x == 7 && (a[7] == 1 || a[7] == 2))
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    	else if (x == 8 && a[8] != 0)
    	{
    		System.out.println("Sorry, space is taken!");
    		return;
    	}
    }
     
    }

    At this point in the program, it prints out the following (with overlaps, since I haven't put in any code for it yet. Also the subroutines aren't working as I wanted but I think it may be because I haven't done anything telling the program to break once it turns true.)

    Hello! Welcome to a one-player version of Tic-Tac-Toe!
    Please enter your name: k
       |   |  
    ---+---+---
       |   |  
    ---+---+---
       |   |  
    Enter: 
    0
     X |   |  
    ---+---+---
       | O |  
    ---+---+---
       |   |  
    Enter: 
    1
     X | X |  
    ---+---+---
       | O |  
    ---+---+---
     O |   |  
    Enter: 
    2
     X | X | X
    ---+---+---
       | O |  
    ---+---+---
     O | O |  
    Enter: 
    3
     X | X | X
    ---+---+---
     X | O |  
    ---+---+---
     O | O |  
    Enter: 
    4
    Cat's game!
    Last edited by Actinistia; April 28th, 2011 at 04:08 PM.


  2. #2
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    Default Re: Tic-Tac-Toe program

    I'm not sure if this helps because my logic will probably be different considering I built my tic tac toe game in GUI not console. I find my logic could also be more efficient but it was for an assignment so I just needed it to work.

    I have the (buttons)board in a 2-D Array and all I do is check the text of the buttons and compare them to all the possible win combinations, if its true, i disable the board.
    Ive put a few examples to save room.

    the boolean "win" variables are only used to keep score in another part of my program so you may not need those.

     
    if (b[0][0].getText().equals("o") && b[0][1].getText().equals("o")
                    && b[0][2].getText().equals("o")) {
     
                oWin = true;
     
                for (int i = 0; i <= 2; i++) {
     
                    for (int j = 0; j <= 2; j++) {
     
                        b[i][j].setEnabled(false);
     
                    }
                }
     
                //*******************
                //START DIAGONAL WINS
                //*******************
     
            } else if (b[0][0].getText().equals("o") && b[1][1].getText().equals("o")
                    && b[2][2].getText().equals("o")) {
     
     
                oWin = true;
     
                for (int i = 0; i <= 2; i++) {
     
                    for (int j = 0; j <= 2; j++) {
     
                        b[i][j].setEnabled(false);
     
                    }
                }
     
            } else if (b[0][0].getText().equals("x") && b[1][1].getText().equals("x")
                    && b[2][2].getText().equals("x")) {
     
     
                xWin = true;
     
                for (int i = 0; i <= 2; i++) {
     
                    for (int j = 0; j <= 2; j++) {
     
                        b[i][j].setEnabled(false);
     
                    }
                }
     
            }

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Tic-Tac-Toe program

    Thanks dego89 for the response. I think based on your logic, my win/lose combinations should be alright but I'm not sure what the for loops did but I'm guessing it's for "disabling" your board as you stated. (Sorry, I'm still relatively new to java, so code like that confuses me a bit).
    Last edited by Actinistia; April 29th, 2011 at 02:04 PM.

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