Hi everyone, I was doing this assignment and I though I had everything right until I had to run the Test program, here's my code:

Code Java:

public class Statistician implements Cloneable { /**************************** * class invariant: * - resetting the statistician resets all values here * - these values are computed since the most recent reset * - sumOfValues contains the sum of all values entered (or 0) * - sumOfValues may have a value signifying arithmetic errors * Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY or Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY * - count contains the number of values (or 0) but may contain * Integer.MAX_VALUE if too many values are entered * - smallestValue contains smallest value entered (or 0) * - largestValue contains largest value entered (or 0) */ private double sumOfValues; private int count; private double smallestValue; private double largestValue; /** * Initialize a new Statistician. * @param none * @postcondition * This Statistician is newly initialized and has not yet been * given any numbers. **/ public Statistician( ) { count = 0; } /** * Reset this Statistician. * @param none * @postcondition * This Statistician is reinitialized as if it has never been * given any numbers. **/ public void reset( ) { count = 0; } /** * Returns a separate copy of this Statistician that will appear * to be indistinguishable from the original but separate * @postcondition * The returned Statistician is a separate copy of this Statistician */ public Statistician clone( ) { // student adds clone implementation that returns clone return null; } /** * Give a new number to this Statistician. * @param number * the new number that is being given to this Statistician * @postcondition * The specified number has been given to this Statistician * and it will be included in any subsequent statistics. **/ public void insert(double number) { if (count == 0) { sumOfValues = number; largestValue = number; } else { sumOfValues += number; if (number > largestValue) largestValue = number; if (number < smallestValue) smallestValue = number; } count++; } /** * Compare this Statistician to another object for equality. * @param obj * an object with which this Statistician will be compared * @return * A return value of true indicates that obj refers to a Statistican * object with the same length, sum, mean, largest and smallest as * this Statistician. Otherwise the return value is false. * Note: * If obj is null or does not refer to a Statistician object, * then the answer is false. **/ public boolean equals(Object obj) { if( obj instanceof Statistician) { Statistician stat = (Statistician) obj; return (stat.count == count && stat.sumOfValues == sumOfValues && stat.largestValue == largestValue && stat.smallestValue == smallestValue); } return false; } /** * Determine how many numbers have been given to this Statistician. * @param none * @return * count of how many numbers have been given to this Statistician * since it was initialized or reinitialized. * Note: * Giving a Statistician more than Integer.MAX_VALUE numbers, * will cause failure with an arithmetic overflow. **/ public int length( ) { return count; } /** * Determine the sum of all the numbers that have been given to this * Statistician. * @param none * @return * the sum of all the number that have been given to this * Statistician since it was initialized or reinitialized. * Note: * If the sum exceeds the bounds of double numbers, then the answer * from this method may be Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY or * Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY. **/ public double sum( ) { if (count == 0) return 0; return sumOfValues; } /** * Determine the arithmetic average of all the numbers that have been * given to this Statistician. * @param none * @return * the arithmetic mean of all the number that have been given to this * Statistician since it was initialized or reinitialized. * Note: * If this Statistician has been given more than Integer.MAX_VALUE * numbers, then this method fails because of arithmetic overflow. * If length() is zero, then the answer is Double.NaN. * If sum() exceeds the bounds of double numbers, then the answer * may be Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY or Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY. **/ public double mean( ) { if(count == 0) { return Double.NaN; } return sumOfValues / count; } /** * Determine smallest number that has been given to this Statistician. * @param none * @return * the smallest number that has been given to this Statistician * since it was initialized or reinitialized. * Note: * If length() is zero, then the answer is Double.NaN. **/ public double smallest( ) { if(count == 0) { return Double.NaN; } return smallestValue; } /** * Determine largest number that has been given to this Statistician. * @param none * @return * the largest number that has been given to this Statistician * since it was initialized or reinitialized. * Note: * If length() is zero, then the answer is Double.NaN. **/ public double largest( ) { if(count == 0) { return Double.NaN; } return largestValue; } /** * Add the numbers of another Statistician (addend) to this Statistician. * @param addend * a Statistician whose numbers will be added to this Statistician * @precondition * The parameter, addend, is not null. * @postcondition * The numbers from addend have been added to this Statistician. * After the operation, this Statistician acts as if it were given * all of its numbers and also given all of the numbers from the * addend. * @exception NullPointerException * Indicates that addend is null. **/ public void add(Statistician addend) { if (addend.count != 0) { if (count == 0) { count = addend.count; sumOfValues = addend.sumOfValues; largestValue = addend.largestValue; smallestValue = addend.smallestValue; } else { count += addend.count; sumOfValues += addend.sumOfValues; if (addend.largestValue > largestValue) largestValue = addend.largestValue; if (addend.smallestValue < smallestValue) smallestValue = addend.smallestValue; } } } /** * Create a new Statistician that behaves as if it was given all * the numbers from this and the other Statistician * @param other * an existing Statistician * @precondition * Neither this nor the other Statistician is null. * @return * a new Statistician that acts as if it was given all the * numbers from this Statistician and the other Statistician * @exception NullPointerException. * Indicates that the argument is null. **/ public Statistician union(Statistician other) { if (other == null) { throw new NullPointerException(); } Statistician outcome = new Statistician(); outcome.add(other); return outcome; } }

here's the Test, I only have 7 failures and I really don't know why:

Code Java:

import org.junit.Test; import static org.junit.Assert.*; /** * You must include the Junit4 library to use this test unit. * * To add it, select the project and then choose Properties... from the File menu. * Click on "Java Build Path" in the panel at the right. * Select Libraries from the list at the top. * Select Add Library... from the right side of the panel. * Select JUnit and click on Next>. * Change the version to JUnit 4 and click on Finish.. * Click on OK in the properties panel. */ public class StatTest { /** * create Statistician and check whether it's constructed properly */ @Test public void testConstructor() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); assertTrue("Sum wrong", s.sum( ) == 0); assertTrue("Length wrong", s.length( ) == 0); assertTrue("Mean wrong", Double.isNaN(s.mean( ))); assertTrue("Largest wrong", Double.isNaN(s.largest( ))); assertTrue("Smallest wrong", Double.isNaN(s.smallest( ))); } /** * try length and insert */ @Test public void one( ) { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); s.insert(42); assertTrue("Length should be one", s.length( ) == 1); s.insert(12); s.insert(17); assertTrue("Length should be three", s.length( ) == 3); } /** * test reset by adding some things and reseting */ @Test public void reset() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); s.insert(42); s.insert(17); s.insert(-5.5); s.insert(0); assertTrue("Sum wrong", s.sum( ) == 53.5); assertTrue("Length wrong", s.length( ) == 4); assertEquals("Mean wrong", 13.375, s.mean( ), 0.0001); assertEquals("Largest wrong", 42, s.largest( ), 0.0001); assertEquals("Smallest wrong", -5.5, s.smallest( ), 0.0001); s.reset( ); assertTrue("Sum wrong after reset", s.sum( ) == 0); assertTrue("Length wrong after reset", s.length( ) == 0); assertTrue("Mean wrong after reset", Double.isNaN(s.mean( ))); assertTrue("Largest wrong after reset", Double.isNaN(s.largest( ))); assertTrue("Smallest wrong after reset", Double.isNaN(s.smallest( ))); } /** * try to find problem of not handling all values being negative correctly */ @Test public void allNegative( ) { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); s.insert(-42); s.insert(-10); s.insert(-8.15); assertEquals("Sum wrong", -60.15, s.sum( ), 0.0001); assertTrue("Length wrong", s.length( ) == 3); assertEquals("Mean wrong", -20.05, s.mean( ), 0.0001); assertEquals("Largest wrong", -8.15, s.largest( ), 0.0001); assertEquals("Smallest wrong", -42, s.smallest( ), 0.0001); } /** * uncover bug of using 0 in initial seting for smallest */ @Test public void smallestZero( ) { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); s.insert(1); s.insert(0); s.insert(2); assertEquals("Smallest wrong", 0, s.smallest( ), 0.0001); } /** * Creates statisticians with single different values * and compares the statisticians to see if they are different. * It then adds the 'opposing' values to each and compares to * see that the statisticians seem to be the same. */ @Test public void compareTwoSmall() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); s.insert(42); t.insert(-736.3); assertTrue("t not equal to s", !s.equals(t)); assertTrue("s not equal to t", !t.equals(s)); s.insert(-736.3); t.insert(42); assertTrue("t equals to s", s.equals(t)); assertTrue("s equals to t", t.equals(s)); assertTrue("not equal to null", !s.equals(null)); } /** * Creates statisticians with several different values * and compares the statisticians to see if they are the same. * It then adds an extra value to one and compares to * see that the statisticians seem to be different. */ @Test public void compareTwoMedium() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); for (int i = -5; i <= 10; i++) { s.insert(i); } for (int i = 10; i >= -5; i--) { t.insert(i); } assertTrue("t equals to s", s.equals(t)); assertTrue("s equals to t", t.equals(s)); s.insert(15); assertTrue("t not equal to s", !s.equals(t)); assertTrue("s not equal to t", !t.equals(s)); t.insert(-20); assertTrue("t not equal to s", !s.equals(t)); assertTrue("s not equal to t", !t.equals(s)); } /** * Creates statisticians with a lot of values and sees * if that causes problems. But it doesn't try to * overflow it. */ @Test public void compareALot() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); for (int i=1; i <= 10000; i++) { s.insert(i); } assertEquals("Mean too far off", 5000.5, s.mean( ), 0.0000001); assertTrue("Wrong count", s.length( ) == 10000); } /** * Creates two statisticians, adds them, and checks answers */ @Test public void union() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); Statistician w = s.union(t); assertTrue("All empty", (s.length( ) + t.length( ) + w.length( )) == 0); for (int i=1; i <= 3; i++) { s.insert(i); } for (int i=5; i <= 7; i++) { t.insert(i); } w = s.union(t); assertTrue("Union not empty", w.length( ) == 6); assertTrue("Sums equal", w.sum( ) == (t.sum( ) + s.sum( ))); double big = s.largest( ) > t.largest( ) ? s.largest( ) : t.largest( ); assertEquals("Union has largest large", big, w.largest( ), 0.000001); double little = s.smallest( ) < t.smallest( ) ? s.smallest( ) : t.smallest( ); assertEquals("Union has smallest small", little, w.smallest( ), 0.000001); } /** * Creates two empty statisticians, unions them, and checks answers */ @Test public void unionEmpty() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); Statistician w = s.union(t); assertTrue("All should be empty", (s.length( ) + t.length( ) + w.length( )) == 0); assertTrue("Largest NaN after empty union", Double.isNaN(w.largest( ))); assertTrue("Smallest NaN after empty union", Double.isNaN(w.smallest( ))); } /** * Creates two empty statisticians, adds them, and checks answers */ @Test public void addEmpty() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); s.add(t); assertTrue("Both should be empty", (s.length( ) + t.length( )) == 0); assertTrue("Largest NaN after empty union", Double.isNaN(s.largest( ))); assertTrue("Smallest NaN after empty union", Double.isNaN(s.smallest( ))); } /** * Creates two statisticians, adds them, and checks largest and smallest */ @Test public void unionSmall() { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); Statistician w = new Statistician( ); double value = 42.0; s.insert(value); // s contains one s.add(w); // add empty to s assertEquals("after adding empty w", value, s.smallest( ), 0.000001); assertEquals("after adding empty w", value, s.largest( ), 0.000001); t.add(s); // add s to empty assertEquals("t smallest after add", value, t.smallest( ), 0.000001); assertEquals("t largest after add", value, t.largest( ), 0.000001); t.insert(value*2 + 10); w = s.union(t); // union the two assertTrue("Union not empty", w.length( ) == 3); assertTrue("Sums equal", w.sum( ) == (t.sum( ) + s.sum( ))); double big = s.largest( ) > t.largest( ) ? s.largest( ) : t.largest( ); assertEquals("Union has largest large", big, w.largest( ), 0.000001); double little = s.smallest( ) < t.smallest( ) ? s.smallest( ) : t.smallest( ); assertEquals("Union has smallest small", little, w.smallest( ), 0.000001); } /** * Creates two statisticians, adds them, and checks largest and smallest */ @Test public void addExtremes( ) { Statistician s = new Statistician( ); Statistician t = new Statistician( ); s.insert(17.17); s.insert(78.0); t.insert(4.0); t.insert(100.0); t.add(s); assertEquals("t smallest after add", 4.0, t.smallest( ), 0.000001); assertEquals("t largest after add", 100.0, t.largest( ), 0.000001); } /** * Looks for bugs in the clone and equals methods */ @Test public void cloneEquals( ) { Statistician a = new Statistician( ); Statistician b; a.insert(42); a.insert(-1.5); a.insert(0); a.insert(-0.5); b = a.clone( ); assertTrue("clone should be equal", a.equals(b)); assertTrue("clone should be equal", b.equals(a)); assertFalse("clone should be separate object", a == b); b.insert(40); assertTrue("clone should not be equal after insert", !a.equals(b)); } /** * Looks for bug in passing a null pointer to union */ @Test(expected=NullPointerException.class) public void unionException( ) { Statistician a = new Statistician( ); Statistician b = null; a.union(b); } /** * Looks for bug in passing a null pointer to add */ @Test(expected=NullPointerException.class) public void addException( ) { Statistician a = new Statistician( ); Statistician b = null; a.add(b); } }